5 Common Causes of Lower Back Pain and How to Relieve Them
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5 Common Causes of Lower Back Pain and How to Relieve Them

Many people suffer from lower back pain. The causes of lower back pain vary greatly. Poor posture, sleeping habits, lifting techniques, and weak core muscles are some of the most common reasons (in addition to lack of exercise). In this blog post, we will discuss the five most common causes of lower back pain, as well as ways to relieve the pain. By understanding the causes and taking steps to alleviate the pain, you can take control of your lower back health and improve your quality of life.

Poor Posture

One of the most common causes of lower back pain is poor posture. When your posture isn’t aligned correctly, your muscles and ligaments are placed under unnecessary strain, leading to back pain. To improve your posture, it’s important to sit with your back against the chair, keep your feet flat on the floor and tuck in your chin. Strengthening exercises, like planks and squats, can also help. Suppose you suffer from chronic lower back pain due to poor posture. In that case, your doctor or physical therapist may recommend a physical therapy more inadequate back hurt procedure. This procedure typically includes stretching and strengthening exercises and education about proper body mechanics.

Muscle Imbalance

Pain in the lower back is commonly caused by muscle imbalance. It occurs when certain muscles become weak or tight, leading to an uneven distribution of stress and strain on your back. It can lead to inflammation, muscle spasms, and hurt in your lower back.

The most common muscle imbalance causing lower back pain is when the hip flexors (muscles in the front of your hips) are stronger than the gluteal muscles (muscles in your buttocks). It leads to an increased arching of the spine and increased stress on the lower back.

The good news is that muscle imbalances can be corrected with a few lower back pain procedures. Stretching and strengthening exercises focusing on the hip flexors and gluteal muscles can help restore balance and improve flexibility in the lower back region. Foam rolling and deep tissue massage can also help to relax any tight muscles in the lower back.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is a common cause of lower back pain, particularly in adults over 30. It occurs when the discs that provide cushioning between the vertebrae deteriorate. It can lead to decreased movement, stiffness, and pain in the lower back.

The most common treatment for degenerative disc disease is strengthening the core muscles with physical therapy exercises. It can help stabilize the spine, reduce inflammation, and improve posture. A physician may recommend a procedure such as epidural steroid injections, lumbar fusion surgery, or spinal decompression therapy in more severe cases.

Herniated Disc

A herniated disc, or a slipped disc, is when the spongy disc between the vertebrae of the spine becomes damaged and protrudes outwards, resulting in lower back pain. It’s often caused by repetitive motions that can weaken the spine over time, such as lifting heavy objects or sudden, jerking movements. A herniated disc can be painful and cause numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness in the affected area. The severity of herniated discs determines the treatment. The treatment may include an epidural steroid injection or discectomy, medications, and physical therapy.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a common cause of lower back pain, most often seen in people over 50. This condition is caused by the narrowing of the spinal canal, putting pressure on the nerves in the spine. Symptoms of spinal Stenosis may include pain in the lower back that worsens with standing or walking and is relieved by sitting or leaning forward. The pain may also spread to the buttocks, legs, and feet.

Fortunately, there are many spinal stenosis treatments, including medications, physical therapy, and surgical procedures. For mild cases of spinal stenosis, your doctor may suggest a program of physical therapy exercises to strengthen the core muscles and reduce pain. They may recommend a lower back pain procedure known as laminectomy for moderate to severe cases to create more space in the spinal canal. Your doctor may also prescribe medications to relieve pain and swelling associated with this condition.

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