The human body is an engineering wonder, with several organ systems functioning in unison to reach the ultimate aim of self-sufficiency. Kidneys serve a crucial function in the removal of waste generated as a byproduct of metabolic activities in the body. A variety of illnesses and other conditions can cause kidney damage. If medications are unable to reverse the damage and the kidneys fail, a kidney transplant is the only way to preserve the patient’s life. A transplant is a complicated medical operation that entails several medical and legal concerns.
The largest obstacle in transplantation is the host immune system rejecting the organ since it comes from another person. Hence, following a kidney transplant, daily life centres around taking care of oneself and taking drugs that weaken immunity in gradually increasing quantities.
After a kidney transplant, the patient’s quality of life considerably improves because the effects of having failing kidneys are no longer an issue. Symptoms include drowsiness, widespread edema, and fever. The success rate of kidney transplants in India has grown significantly in recent years as a result of the introduction of cutting-edge medications. Nowadays, doctors may perform transplant procedures on HIV-positive patients as well as in situations when the blood types of the donor and the recipient do not match.
Hospitals and kidney transplantation in India
A kidney transplant cannot be performed in a small clinical environment since it is a complicated medical operation. Multi-specialty hospitals with outstanding infrastructure and cutting-edge medical facilities make up India’s kidney transplant hospitals. Living donor kidney transplants and dead donor kidney transplants are the two basic forms of kidney transplants.
The cost of kidney transplants varies in India depending on the city and institution. The average price for surgery, including pre-op tests, is $13500.
TIPS FOR AFTERCARE AFTER KIDNEY TRANSPLANT
A kidney transplant is a difficult medical procedure that places a lot of strain on the body. The patient’s most crucial post-kidney transplant treatment is to take their medications as prescribed by their treating physician on a regular basis.
This is very important as these are immunosuppressants and improve the prognosis of the transplant procedure significantly.
USE AN ANTI-REJECTION MEDICATION.
Fear of organ rejection is the most difficult difficulty a nephrologist encounters with a kidney transplant patient. Anti-rejection medicines are critical to the success of the transplant procedure. The correct titration of these medications’ dosages is critical and varies from patient to patient. The treating nephrologist makes these critical judgements.
Some of the kidney transplant rejection symptoms include high fever, an increase in serum creatinine, the development of new pain and tenderness around the kidney, generalized swelling throughout the body, sudden and unexplained weight gain, a significant decrease in urine output, and flu-like symptoms.
CARE FOR YOUR DIET
A good and balanced diet following kidney transplant is critical for improving prognosis and sustaining the donated kidney. There are also some foods that should be avoided after a transplant. Unpasteurized milk, cheese, or yoghurt, uncooked or undercooked eggs, grapefruit or grapefruit juice, and pomegranate or pomegranate juice, especially if cyclosporine is prescribed, unwashed raw fruits or damaged fruits, unwashed raw vegetables, and unwashed salads are among the foods to avoid after kidney transplant. Foods should also be low in sodium and high in fibre. Food-related choices are not always simple. A lot of assistance is now available online.
FORMULATE YOUR EXERCISE ROUTINE
Exercise is an important part of the daily routines of both healthy people and people with chronic conditions. After a kidney transplant, life requires a paradigm shift. Corticosteroids are frequently provided to kidney transplant recipients. These medications have significant negative effects, including elevated blood glucose levels, osteoporosis, and muscle atrophy. Regular exercise programmes can help to mitigate such negative effects. Moreover, cardiovascular problems are the leading cause of death in kidney transplant recipients. Regular moderate exercise following a transplant might assist to avoid these issues. As a result, patients must continue an exercise programme in order to achieve the optimum results.
VACCINATION FOLLOWING KIDNEY TRANSPLANT
Following a kidney donation, transplant recipients should get age-appropriate inactivated immunisations but should avoid live vaccines. The timing of the immunisation is also critical. Because the patient is subjected to strong immune suppression for the first 3 to 6 months after transplant, the immune response elicited in response to the vaccination provided is poor. Vaccinations must be administered after 6 months. Several parts of kidney transplant aftercare include drugs, food, and regular exercise.
KIDNEY TRANSPLANT AND MENTAL HEALTH
Since a transplant is a serious medical surgery that includes significant psychological and physical changes for both the patient and his or her family.
After a kidney transplant, many patients experience psychological instability and may develop depression. Mood swings and kidney transplants may potentially be related owing to the use of powerful drugs and other changes that occur as a result of the donation. The patient must maintain psychological stability throughout the transplant process, both before and after surgery. In such cases, it is best to see a psychologist online to obtain suitable advice through the challenging trip.
SHINON GLOBAL- INDIA MEDICAL TOURISM CONSULTANT
Medical tourism in India is rapidly growing, and it is currently one of the most reputable medical destinations. Numerous hospitals, super-specialty, multi-specialty, and single-specialty, have sprouted up across India. This provides patients with a plethora of alternatives to select from, which can be perplexing at times. Because of their broad experience and in-depth research of various hospitals and physicians, medical tourism experts in India bridge this gap. Shinon Global is a well-known medical tourism consultant in India.